Cleanup Treks 2016 Now Scheduled!

Clean Up trek Departures scheduled…

Apus Peru is announcing three ‘Clean Up in the Community’ treks to take place in March, April, and June.  Please note that we offer a 25% off of our published prices for anyone wishing to participate in these scheduled group trips for up to 12 people. Please note we need a minimum of 4 participants to run the trip.  The first four trekkers to book will be offered a free sleeping bag and walking stick! 

Volunteer Clean Up Trek to Lares

Go Team!

Note: If we do not get enough people, we will cancel the departure no later than 14 days before the trip departure date and offer a full refund on any deposit made. This allows ample time to find your trek with another provider (except for the Inca Trail); or with another Apus group provided we have some other route of interest confirmed that coincides with your dates.

Link for further information:

Confirmed departures are listed below –

Departure for March 20th-23rd : Lares & Machu Picchu Four-Day Clean-Up Trek


This four-day trek is ideal for those who wish to visit Machu Picchu and do a shorter trek that’s slightly easier than some of the other high-altitude treks we offer, but still by no means classified as a ‘breeze’!

Minimum 4, Maximum 12.  Currently 2 spaces booked, currently 10 spaces available

Lares hot springs

Camping at Lares Hot Springs

Departure for April 23rd-May 1st: Choquequirao to Machu Picchu Nine-Day Clean Up Trek


This is one of our signature treks and is more remote than the others. It ends up at the magical site of Machu Picchu.  This nine-day trek is more relaxed than our faster paced eight-day option, but due to the amount of time spent trekking and camping along the way, it’s not for the faint-hearted, either.  A lovely trek with diverse panoramas, a variety of climate zones, and plentiful nature.

Minimum 4, Maximum 12.  Currently 0 spaces booked, currently 12 spaces available

Made it to Machu Picchu

Departure for June 15 – June 20: Six-Day Sibinacocha Ausangate Clean Up Trek


This rarely hiked version of a classic route offers some amazing scenery as well as some challenging high passes and cold nights.  With mountain glaciers and lakes aplenty, those avid and adventurous hikers that are able to wrap up warm and can tolerate trekking at heights of over 5000 meters will be amply rewarded! NOTE: MACHU PICCHU IS NOT INCLUDED WITH THIS TREK.

Minimum 4, Maximum 12.  Currently 0 spaces booked, currently 12 spaces available

What better way can there be to vacation, than to be surrounded by the beauty of Peru while at the same time benefiting local communities? A win-win situation for all!

Full trash bag

Get Your 2016 Inca Trail Permits Now!

Among the most famous treks in the world, the Classic Inca Trail brings you to Machu Picchu under your own power- and there’s nothing like it! This four-day, three-night trek retraces the footsteps of the Inca along restored stone walkways that are more than 500 years old! The moderately difficult trek traverses the diverse ecological zones that comprise the Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary. Trekkers have the opportunity to view a variety of flora and fauna species, including exotic orchids, colorful birds, and perhaps even the endangered Spectacled Bear, the only surviving bear species native to South America!

Trekkers visit multiple Inca ruins while camping under the stars each night. The trek culminates on the fourth and last day, when after a two-hour ascent to the famous Sun Gate, Inti Punku, Inca Trail hikers finally arrive at Machu Picchu! Trekkers who have completed the Inca Trail call it a life-changing experience.

Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Machu Picchu Morning – Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

If you dream of hiking the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu in 2016 –please take a few moments to read this blog and be sure to submit your details to your travel provider as soon as possible so you don’t miss out! Spots fill up fast!

The following paragraphs include some useful information for getting your preferred Inca Trail trek dates.

The Classic Inca trail to Machu Picchu is limited to 500 permits each day- that translates to 200 permits for trekkers and 300 for trekking staff, mainly consisting of the porters that carry equipment for the trekkers.

Team of Porters on the Inca Trail

Trekker with team of Porters on the Inca Trail –  Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Since they are limited, permits sell out 5 months in advance for the high season – May, June, and July.  In spite of the fact that this system has been widely publicized on the Internet and in the guidebooks, Apus Peru receives literally hundreds of emails from people each year who are upset to have missed out on the traditional Inca Trail trek! In these cases, we may be able to offer alternate Peru treks; however we cannot emphasize this enough: if it’s your goal to hike the Inca Trail this year, apply for your permit as soon as possible!

Inca Trail permits go on sale around January 1st each year to authorized Inca Trail companies who have passed an inspection carried out the previous November.  Inca Trail companies that have the names, passport numbers, and monetary deposits of their clients enter a lottery in order to purchase the permits. Since the Inca Trail is closed due to maintenance in February, the first permits sold are for March 2016, followed by April 2016, then May… etc.  If you have not submitted your information early in January, then you have to wait until after the lottery period has passed, which can be as late as the end of January, to purchase Inca Trail permits – if they have not already sold out!

Patallaqta Ruins- Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Patallaqta Ruins- Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Every year is different, but generally the main dates that sell out in the lottery period during January are…

  • The first week of March
  • Around Easter (in 2016 Good Friday will fall on March 25th). We anticipate that the period between March 25th and April 4th may sell out during the initial lottery period.
  • Various dates in May.
  • Around the Solstice and Inti Raymi – June 21st – 24th.

Once a date is sold out – it’s literally SOLD OUT – permits are non-refundable and non-changeable, so you can’t pick up a spot if there is a cancellation. Getting your information to us in early in January is, therefore. your best bet to get the dates you want.

If you are already travelling and already have your flights booked, with little flexibility, then we strongly advise that you submit your details, passport number and deposit to your travel agent as early in January as possible. As the “Inca Trail Lottery” is truly a lottery, it’s impossible to predict what demand there will be for permits in 2016; however the demand increases every year. Therefore, some or many dates may sell out during the lottery period at the beginning of January.

If you have some flexibility with dates, and you are not ready to commit, we recommend that you get in contact with us, or your travel agent, as soon as possible. However, be aware that while we will do everything we can to secure your permits, the options for your departure dates may be limited, the longer you wait; and if you wait too long, the likelihood is that Inca Trail permits will be sold out.

Inca Trail Snow Peak - Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Inca Trail Snow Peak – Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Please note, if you book with Apus Peru you are dealing directly with an official Inca Trail Trek Operator: we are licensed by Peru’s Ministry of Culture to operate this trek. If you are dealing with a third-party operator, please be careful. Most importantly, we don’t want you to miss out on trekking the Classic Inca Trail in 2016 – reserve your Inca Trail Permits now!

From now until January 16th, Apus is offering a 6% discount for Inca Trail treks: use the code BLOG16 when booking the Inca Trail!

This links to directly to the form for you to contact us with your information:

This is a link to the Classic Four-Day Inca Trail with Apus-Peru:

**Note: Several other treks that Apus Peru offers also include all or part of the regulated Inca Trail, and also require permits.  These routes include our two-day Short Inca Trail;

Our six-day Salkantay-Inca Trail;

and our twelve-day Choquequirao-Salkantay-Inca Trail route


Inca Trail- Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

Inca Trail- Photo Courtesy of Megan Gaston

The Espíritu Pampa Trek

The Essence of Espíritu Pampa: Manco Inca’s haven from the Spanish – The route is back on!

Photo 9 - Matt at Espritu Pampa

The main site of Espíritu Pampa begins here!!

Those who have done some research and know their Inca history might have come across information about Espíritu Pampa, also know as the “Lost City of the Incas” – the last Inca stronghold after their escape from the Spanish Conquistadores, located in the high jungle region of Vilcabamba, Peru.


Ruins of Espíritu Pampa

It was believed that ‘Espíritu Pampa’ was built in a hurry, without proper construction materials and resources. It was a short-term-refuge for the last Inca ruler, Manco Inca, and his family, to keep out of harm’s way from the Spanish. The royal Inca family took refuge there for around 30 years, until the Spanish sacked the site in 1572. They destroyed the majority of the temples, leaving it abandoned and forgotten for hundreds of years thereafter.

Hiram Bingham, who re-discovered Machu Picchu in 1911, believed that it was the lost city and the last refuge of the Inca, but this has since been proven otherwise by many other explorers and historians. In the 1960’s, archaeologists Antonio Santander Casselli and Gene Savoy finally made the connection between Espíritu Pampa and the lost city of the Incas. Since then, archaeological restoration work of the ruins has been attempted and abandoned throughout the years.

Vincent Lee brought the site to worldwide attention over the last 15 years with his book, Forgotten Vilcabamba. Lee’s influence and archaeological work there has led to an increased interest in the area. In fact Apus Peru encountered a team of local archaeologists working at the site on our recent visit there in November, 2015.


Espritu ruins

Route safety:

Until recently, there had been some security concerns about trekking in this area. However, there were no indications of any problems when we hiked the trail this November.

We spoke with some of the local porters and farmers in the region: they indicated that they had not heard of any other groups of tourists hiking the route for many years, since warnings had been put in place. We were the first group they had seen in a long while.

Trail standards:

Photo 8- typical Inka trail

The Espirítu Pampa trail, middle section

In general, the trail is very well kept and you can be certain that, in parts, you are walking on the ancient & original Inca Trail.

Regarding the sections that are comprised of dirt or gravel footpaths, the campesinos, or local farmers, have kept the route relatively free from vegetation and overgrowth, since they use the trail for transporting their harvested crops and for herding animals.

Photo 3

The Espíritu Pampa trail, upper section

For the main part of the trail, it takes trekking a good chunk of 50 kilometers over 4 or 5 days before you reach the first part of the archeological site (there are two). Upon arrival, you encounter a small area of restored ruins, rather like a control point. Then you head down some Inca steps, taking approximately 40 minutes to reach the second and superior site.

foto 11-IMG_3311

Inca steps leading down from the first site to the second one.


Weather-wise, November was particularly wet this year. There were muddy swaths of trail, and our team had to cross some washed-away river crossings, as well as a small landslide.

For the best chance for drier conditions when you trek this route, it is highly recommended to undertake this trek between the months of May and September.

Photo 5 crew crossing one of the make-shift briges

Crossing one of the many make-shift bridges

We experienced very wet conditions on the trail, thus we advise you to do this route in the dry months only.

The Espíritu Pampa trek is truly a beautiful route. On the way to the ruins, you experience a mix of diverse terrains, including scenic mountain backdrops, rolling high Andes plains, and once you have reached the ‘lower’ section, lush high jungle forests, including banana and coca plantations. You will observe a wide variety of sub-tropical flora. You may well have the chance to sight some bird life such as parakeets, Andean hawks, eagles, and perhaps even the famous ‘Tunki’ – ‘Cock of the Rock’- Peru’s national bird!

Photo 6 - crew at Vista Alegre

The team at Vista Alegre- and below, a valley provides hikers with lush scenery for all to enjoy.


Those who expect the equivalent of Machu Picchu, with its massive and plentiful ruins, would be disappointed with this trek: however, if you are seeking a truly ‘off-the-beaten- track’ route with some less touristic ruins located at the end of a truly magnificent trail, then you will be justly rewarded!

Matt Waugh, November 2016

Photo 1

The team at the start of a wet day on the trail – Left to right. Michael a.k.a. Pescadito or ‘Little Fish’ (porter), Melton (Apus cook); Matt (Apus sales team/photos and blogs); Herbert (Apus Guide); William (Apus guide)

Photo 10 - crew at finish (Espiritu Pampa camp)

At the finish of the trek, we received a most welcome coffee and yucca – both of which are produced locally on the surrounding farms.

To see more details about our Espíritu Pampa trail routes, please check out the following links:

9 day Vilcabamba – Espíritu Pampa

15 day Vilcabamba Range Grand traverse










Trekking with Young Ones!

 We occasionally get inquiries from intrepid parents who want to go trekking with their little ones – by little ones, we mean children that can still be easily carried by their parents, so young people aged between 6 months and 3 years.

This blog provides some useful considerations about whether you really want to head out on the trail with a very small child.

Ariana and baby

On our way!

For children that can no longer be carried, but still have short legs and even shorter attention spans, e.g.; kids between the ages of 4 to 6 years, many of these questions also apply.

1. How often do you trek yourself? Do you like to do long distance trekking and are you comfortable with camping and sleeping in a tent?

2. What kind of trekking have you done with her recently – and how did she like the backpack?  For 4 years plus: have you gone trekking recently, what were the difficulties, and how many hours were you able to go without stopping?

As parents know (or soon discover) children have very unique personalities. My daughter was generally a tranquil child, and walked at 14 months. Within reason, she didn’t mind hiking for several hours while in the backpack, though we needed to stop frequently (every hour or so) and that added to the overall length of the day.

My little boy walked before he was 1 and is an active and determined child. We took him to Machu Picchu when he was 20 months old and had 2 different styles of backpacks and a harness. We left the ruins after several hours: his screaming was in no way enjoyable for us or for the other visitors!

by the lake

Trekking with a baby AND a toddler!

So – before you decide to tackle a long trek ask:

Is your child going to be OK with 6-8 hours a day in the backpack? Have you taken her on hikes of that length in recent times?

3. Sleeping – how will you and your child feel about sleeping in freezing cold temperatures in the high mountains?

4. Altitude- The best advice I have ever read regarding travel at high altitudes is, “how well do you know your baby/toddler and can you distinguish between bad temper/terrible twos/ teething, and altitude sickness?” The answer is that it’s pretty difficult, as symptoms of altitude sickness can be anything from sleeping poorly to headaches to vomiting.

5. Are you a relaxed parent, or do you get stressed? Imagine that you are 2 days’ walk from the nearest road. Your child has a temperature – are you going to be able to cope with this? Or your child is vomiting at high altitude… Having had this type of experience, it’s very stressful and even though I know the mountains, I was still very worried. How will you react under these conditions?

We strongly recommend 3 days minimum at Cusco for acclimatization of a small person (e.g. under 3 years); longer if you can- before tackling the high mountain treks like Ausangate, Salkantay or the Lares trek to Machu Picchu.


Happy Dad and Son, trekking along

I recently took both of my kids to 4300m for an overnight stay and even though I am experienced in hiking in the mountains, when they woke up more frequently than usual I had to ask myself – is it altitude sickness? (This is despite them having been in Cusco for the 2 months prior to the trek.)

6. Who will carry them? Depending on their age – they can weigh up to 20kg and still be carried in a trekking backpack. How comfortable is that backpack for you (and again, for long distances)?

I like my Ergobaby for short trips around town and find it much easier to maneuver than the proper trekking backpack: for short hikes of less than a couple of hours, that’s my choice. For longer treks, we use a Deuter 3 with sun protection.

Deuter 3 sun protection

Deuter 3 Backpack with Sun Protection

Most people find a smaller baby of up to about 12 months ok to carry – but by the time they are two, they are quite heavy!!!! So consider getting a porter to help!


If you are enthusiastic to do a hike in the Andes with your little ones, the very first thing to do is a day hike near your home and see how it goes with the kids. If it’s a ‘piece of cake’ then a trek in the Andes might be OK for you. Happy trails!

Cesar and the baby

Happy Trekking!

Coming soon: Trekking with older children and tweens.

Vicuñas: Golden Camelid of Peru

You may catch a rare glimpse of a herd of vicuñas on your next Peru trek. Who could help but love this nimble golden camelid that roams the altiplano and mountainous regions of Peru? Sighting their graceful, delicate forms on the run across the high plains while trekking in Peru is a thrilling experience. No wonder they were respected and protected by the Inca. In fact, it was illegal for anybody but members of the ruling family to wear garments made from vicuña wool.

The extremely soft, warm wool of the vicuña is the most coveted fiber in the world! A single overcoat manufactured from vicuña wool goes for upwards of $30,000 USD. Since harsh dyes can damage the fibers, vicuña wool is usually left in its natural state. Additionally, vicuña wool is scarce: each animal only produces around a pound of wool per year.

The vicuña are a highly protected species in Peru. While their population now exceeds 200,000 animals, this was not always the case. Fifty years ago, their numbers had declined to less than 6,000 animals, due to extensive hunting. The Pampas Galeras Reserve was established to protect the vicuña, and its successful breeding and preservation programs literally brought the vicuña back from the verge of extinction. Now, the only legal vicuña fiber is that which is sheared during the annual roundups. Hunting, interfering with, or exporting vicuña is highly illegal in Peru.

Unlike their descendant, the domestic alpaca, the legendary sylphlike vicuña cannot be easily imprisoned or tamed. When kept in captivity, vicuña have been known to develop health issues, such as parasites, osteomyelitis, and dandruff, which damages their wool. Since they are not domesticated or kept in enclosures, vicuñas are herded together yearly in a ceremonial event called a chaccu, during which they are rounded up, sheared, and released back into the wild to roam the plains once more.

Chaccus take place yearly in June on the Pampas Galeras National Reserve in the Lucana province of Peru’s Ayacucho region, on the high altiplano, or mountain plains, where the vicuña live. A grand festival including Peruvian typical music, dancing in colorful traditional garb, and feasting on Peruvian typical dishes accompanies the chaccu. This is the time of the Winter Solstice celebration, an important holiday for the indigenous communities of Peru.

Want to join in on the fun? A trip to the Pampas Galeras to attend the chaccu can be combined with a visit to the Nazca region; it’s an approximate three-hour drive from Nazca to Ayacucho. During your visit, you’ll have the chance to tour the reserve and learn about the community-based programs in place to protect this graceful, golden camelid.

Though rare, vicuñas may occasionally be spotted on one of Apus Peru’s remote Peru mountain treks, which explore the rarely visited backcountry of Southern Peru’s high mountains. See these links for further information:

It’s a privilege to get the rare view of this legendary, ethereal creature. May the vicuña thrive and continue to grace the Pachamama with their wildness and beauty!

Vicuñas by Carine06 licensed under CC BY 2.0

Vicuñas by Carine06 licensed under CC BY 2.0

Short Inca Trail with a Baby

By Apus Peru Co-Founder, Ariana Svenson

To celebrate our daughter’s first birthday, we decided we would undertake the Classic Inca Trail trek to Machu Picchu- as a family!

Permits sell out months in advance, so we made the decision with a good deal of bravado: even though we spent a lot of time outdoors, we’d never taken our daughter on a multi-day camping trip. Still, it was the peak of the high (dry) season, she was acclimatized to the altitude, and we’d paid for an extra porter to carry the superfluous paraphernalia that a baby inexplicably accumulates.


An extra porter can help carry the baby and her paraphernalia when you get tired.

Whether it was to spare us the ignominy of having to return from the Inca Trail without completing it, or just fate, a couple of days before the trek Miss M. developed a serious cold, and it began to bucket down – right in the middle of the dry season! At this point, I accepted that our Inca trail trek was not going to happen – with both a sick baby and pouring rain, the signs were against us.

At this point the supportive folks at Apus Peru suggested we do the Short Inca Trail to Machu Picchu instead: they made new hotel arrangements, changed our trains, and spent hours finalizing the paperwork for us to do the Short Inca Trail starting at KM 104.

The Short Inca Trail is just that, a one-day hike that joins the last day of the Inca Trail and is ideal for folks who are short of time, who don’t like to camp, or who lack the desire to do a longer trek.

As we arrived at our starting point, my first reaction was that there were very few other groups doing the route that day even though it was the middle of the high season. I expected it to be packed out – it’s the “easy route”, after all. In fact, there was none of the hustle and bustle of the entry to the Classic Inca Trail at KM 88; here, there were just us, our guide and the porters who were carrying our baby and her paraphernalia.

On cue, the rain stopped and revealed the triangular walls of the ruins at Chachabamba. Chachabamba was discovered in 1940 – almost thirty years after Hiram Bingham found Machu Picchu. Its architectural style and intricate stonework suggest that this was an important religious site, in addition to its secondary function as a gatehouse guarding the entrance to Machu Picchu.

Chachabamba: Gatehouse to Machu Picchu

Chachabamba: Gatehouse to Machu Picchu

From here, we began to climb. Having always thought that this was the ‘easy route’ to Machu Picchu, I suddenly realized that there was a lot of gentle but consistent climbing. Despite having trekked extensively in the Andes, after a short while, my aching muscles painfully reminded me that I hadn’t hit the trail in the 12 months since my daughter’s birth – nor even in the final trimester of pregnancy!! I began to struggle, puffing, and taking lots of rests – this was what it was like to be out of shape and then do a trek?! Not a lot of fun!

At Apus Peru we constantly advise people to do their research, and get in shape for their hike to Machu Picchu – advice that I didn’t follow and was now sorry!!! Even if you are going to do a one- day hike, you need to have a decent level of fitness!

Luckily for me, my daughter needed frequent breaks from the baby backpack and we stopped often to admire the views of the valley below us, which was alternately bathed in sunshine and misted over with colorful clouds shifting over the mountains.

Despite Miss M’s lingering cold and my aching legs, there was certainly something magical about breastfeeding her on the trail with spectacular panoramas all about.

We are often asked by parents of babies and toddlers about trekking with their babies, and we always recommend that you allow a lot of extra time: at just 12 months Miss M wasn’t yet walking and so a few crawls and scoots around on the dirt at regular intervals kept her happy.

The Incas were masters at building stairways: something that distinguishes the Inca trail from the alternative trails around Cusco are the endless steps! As a break from climbing the steps, and in between panoramic views, we passed a beautiful cascading waterfall: a lovely surprise from Mother Nature in the midst of the mountains.

A lovely surprise from Mother Nature: Cascades in the Mountains

Surprise from Mother Nature: Cascades in the Mountains

Maybe it’s because we were so slow, but we only encountered two groups all day while on the trail, and despite being so near to Machu Picchu and the heavily trafficked Inca trail, we felt that we were alone in the mountains. We were thrilled by the experience!

After some 6 hours of climbing uphill, we arrived at Wiñay Wayna, perhaps the most gorgeous set of ruins along the whole Inca Trail. The name Wiñay Wayna which in Quechua means “Eternal Youth,” or “Forever Young,” was given to the ruins by the eminent Peruvian archaeologist, Dr. Julio C. Tello. Considered by many to be the most beautiful of the sites on the Inca Trail, it was a wonderful highlight of our trek.

With the frequent stops for the baby we were some 2 hours slower than the average trekker and we still had a couple of hours’ walk through the moist cloud forest. At this point, the terrain was blessedly flat and cool, and we felt as if we were walking in the high jungle. We arrived at the final massive stairs of Inti Punku, which were once a control gate for those who entered and exited the Sanctuary. As the entrance to Machu Picchu, it is one of the most important features of the site; and as the name suggests, it’s devoted to Inti, the sun god.

Final Approach: Up the last staircase!

FInal Approach: Up the last staircase!

At other times when we’ve done the Inca Trail, Inti Punku had been filled with hundreds of tourists moving eagerly to catch their first glimpse of Machu Picchu. Instead, as we were arriving very late in the day, we were the only people at Inti Punku. It was a special moment to arrive at a place normally so inundated with tourists and yet enjoy it in solitude. As we descended the final stretch to Machu Picchu, we saw that there were few people at the site and we had unobstructed views: it was a unique feeling.

After exploring the ruins for a few hours, we made the last bus down. Our 12-month-old looked exhausted by the day’s trek and it was amazing to get a hot shower and then to sink into a soft bed.

As we hit the sack, we were filled with gratitude, that despite having been on the Inca Trail for just a day, we experienced solitude, isolated Inca ruins, and an indescribable sense of awe and accomplishment. We had trekked into Machu Picchu on foot, as a family.

We did it!

Orchids of the Machu Picchu Region of Peru

If you are going on the Inka Trail to Machu Picchu trek, you may be surprised to stumble upon so many varieties of orchids along the trail!

Orchids are a well-distributed and extremely varied plant family, often with fragrant, colorful and bizarrely shaped blooms. The Orchid family is one of the largest families of flowering plants, containing around 600 genera, and comprising approximately 10% of all seed plants. All orchids are myco-heterotrophic, meaning they form a relationship with fungi in the soil in order to get their nutrients. Because of their vibrantly colorful, often strange and perfumed blooms, orchids seem to possess a certain mystique that has captured the imaginations of humans from time immemorial. In fact, dedicated orchid horticulturists and enthusiasts have been known to compete, fight over and even commit crimes in the service of their obsession.

There are literally thousands of orchid species in Peru, many of which are located in the low cloud forest eco-regions around Machu Picchu and along the famed Inka Trail. It is estimated that as many as 50% of Peru’s more than 3,000 orchid species remain unidentified by science.

Here are a few orchid species that can be found along the Inka Trail to Machu Picchu. When possible I am including both the scientific name of the orchid and the common name, along with folklore and traditional uses, when available.

Wiñay Wayna Orchid: (Epidendrum Secundum) found at Machu Picchu and along the Inca Trail, this is an orchid with multiple white to fuchsia blooms. Each flower is around an inch in width. Wiñay Wayna means “Forever Young”; Wiñay Wayna Pass on the Inca Trail takes its name from this flower. The orchid is pollinated by both butterflies and birds. Flower essences made from this orchid are said to preserve youth and vitality.

1Wiñay wayna orchid                        Wiñay Wayna Orchid by Filipe Fortes licensed under CC BY 2.0

Paradise Orchid: (Sobralia Dichotoma) is one of the most common orchids in the region of Machu Picchu. This orchid has 5-8 flowers per stem, and is deep pink and white in color. It’s an ephemeral orchid, lasting for only a few days and blooming between February and April. Its essence is said to have a calming and grounding effect.

2Sobralia Dichotoma                              Wild Orchids by Matito licensed under CC BY 2.0

Waqanki Orchid (Masdevallia Veitchiana) This orchid’s common name in Quechua, Waqanki, means “ You will Cry.” This is a single-flower orchid that grows in crevices on rocks. It has orange sepals with purple spots on the sides. A Quechua legend recounts that an Inca princess’ forbidden love for a common soldier led to the creation of this orchid.

It seems that the Inca ruler, in his anger at this love, spared the soldier’s life, but ordered him to perform severe tests in the jungle as punishment for daring to approach the young princess. The princess, knowing he would not survive the trials, grieved over his departure.

A lovely flower sprang up where her tears fell into his footprints as he fled. The Waqanki orchid is considered a national treasure of Peru.

3masdevallia veitchiana                        Masdevallia Veitichiana by Trixty licensed under CC BY 2.0

These three orchid species, among many others, can be spotted on your Inca Trail trek with Apus Peru. See the following links for several fantastic options for your Machu Picchu trek: